Exchange through the Silk Road
http://www.chinese.cn 11:05, October 14, 2009 Xinhua News Agency
In 138 B. C. Zhang Qian was sent as an envoy to the West China and thus established a communication route across Europe and Asia – the Silk Road. Since then, well-known Chinese medicinal substances such as rhubarb and musk had been introduced to Central Asia and Europe while Western and Southeast Asian medicine and medication were gradually introduced to China.
Nationality medicines (national minority drugs) in Chinese used by doctors of different national minorities of which Tibetan, Mongolian, Uygur and Tai are the most important. They are all closely connected with Chinese traditional medicine, but are characterized by factors of nationality and locality. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is a multiple-nationality region of China. The development of nationality medicine has a long history, with thousands of years of struggle against nature and diseases, the people of various nationalities in Xinjiang have accumulated valuable experience and knowledge of their practical application. The exchange of drugs between China and countries in Central Asia over the silk road was first accredited to Zhang Qian. Xinjiang is the thoroughfare of silk road. Hui Hui Yao Fang, as an integral part of Chinese medicine and pharmacology, exhibited the characteristics of the combination of Chinese traditional Chinese medicine with foreign medicine. Under investigation, it found that 2200 species of plants, animals and minerals possess medicinal value. In 364 species of key medicinal materials in China, 104 species of them present in Xinjiang. 27 of 104 species are influential species for the medicinal resources in China. Many plants with the characteristic of nationality medicines grow in the region. For promoting development of nationality medicines for stimulating Xinjiang pharmaceutical cause, Xinjiang Institute of Materia Medica invited 14 experts on drug research and evaluation to lecture at this symposium on Uygur medicines.. In this special report, the symposium is introduced.